Sample Multiple Choice Questions

1.  On the eve of the French Revolution, France was the wealthiest, most influential, and most populous nation in Europe.  Its population was approximately

    a.  100 million.                                                b.  50 million.
    c.  15 million.                                                  d.  25 million.
    e.  10 million.

2.  The immediate cause of the outbreak of revolution in 1789 was

    a.  grinding poverty among all classes of society.
    b.  government oppression.
    c.  the ideas of the philosophes.
    d.  the insensitivity of Marie Antionette.
    e.  the government's financial crisis.

3.  Although the Storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789 is celebrated as the "start of the French Revolution," the first act of revolution may have been the resolve of the Third Estate to write a constitution.  It is of

    a.  the first session of the Estates General.
    b.  the swearing of the Tennis Court Oath.
    c.  the storming of the Tuileries.
    d.  the forming of the National Assembly.
    e.  the public proclamation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.

4.  Choose the correct chronological order:

    I.  convening the Estates General
    II.  the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
    III.  formation of the National Assembly.
    IV.  the Tennis Court Oath.

    a.  I, II, III, IV
    b.  III, I, II, IV
    c.  III, IV, II, I
    d.  II, IV, I, III.
    e.  I, III, IV, II

5.  Many historians divide the French Revolution [minus Napoleon's rule] into these distinct stages:

    a.  "The Great Fear,"  "The Reign of Terror," and "The Directory."
    b.  The Monarchy, the Republic and the Empire.
    c.  The radical, the moderate and the reactionary stages.
    d.  The moderate, the radical and the reactionary stages.
    e.  The storming of the Bastille, of the Tuleries, of the National Convention.

6.  Which of the following alienated the most French Catholic clerics and believers?

    a.  The provision of freedom of religion in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
    b.  The determination of the various revolutionary governments to collect taxes from the First Estate.
    c.  The seizure of the church lands.
    d.  The Civil Constitution of the Clergy.
    e.  The abolition of the monasteries.

7.  Arrange the following governments during the Revolution in correct chronological order:

            I.  Consulate
            II.  National Assembly
            III.  Directory
            IV.  National Convention

    a.  I, IV, II, III
    b.  II, III, IV, I
    c.  IV, III, II, I
    d.  II, IV, III, I
    e.  IV, II, I, III

8.  By the standards of the 20th century, the slaughter of French citizens during the Reign of Terror was relatively small in number.  It claimed approximately how many TOTAL victims?

    a.  4 million.                    b.  1 million.                    c.  400,00.
    d.  40,000.                     e.  4,000.

9.  All of the following are accurate EXCEPT

    a.  the French Revolution ended with a government as absolutist as when it had begun.
    b.  the Revolution destroyed the vestiges of manorialism.
    c.  the Revolution failed to end the legal inequities between the classes.
    d.  the Revolution influenced French society to measure status by ability rather than birth.
    e.  the ideals of the French Revolution spread throughout Europe.

10.  Which of the following is NOT considered a positive accomplishment of Napoleon?

    a.  The Concordat of 1801.
    b.  His use of nepotism in government.
    c.  His use of the merit system in government and the military.
    d.  His Code Napoleon.
    e.  His restructuring of the educational system.

11.  Napoleon's purpose in instituting the Continental System was to

    a.  defeat England through an economic war.
    b.  consolidate the separate states of Germany.
    c.  unify Italy.
    d.  create a united Europe under the leadership of France.
    e.  punish Russia for his ill-fated invasion.

12.  Napoleon helped make the French Revolution an international movement in the areas he conquered

    a.  by imposing a universal currency based on the French franc.
    b.  by the brutal suppression of guerrilla resistance.
    c.  by abolishing feudalism and manorialism.
    d.  by encouraging French as the universal language.
    e.  by placing his relatives on the thrones.

13.  The Congress of Vienna hoped to restore the European balance of power after the Wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars by

    a. surrounding France with strong states.
    b.  unifying all of Germany.
    c.  reestablishing the Holy Roman Empire.
    d.  unifying Italy.
    e.  giving Russia the left bank of the Rhine River.

14.  Who was the man whose ideas and aims dominated the Congress of Vienna and after whom the age of reaction, from the fall of Napoleon to the Revolutions of 1848, is named?

    a.  Castlereagh.                    b.  Talleyrand.                c.  Metternich.
    d.  Hardenburg.                    e.  Alexander I.

15.  While the map below was published in 1853, it depicts the most famous battle of 19th century Europe which occur in . . .

    a.  1802.                                b.  1800                        c.  1812.
    d.  1813.                                e.  1815.

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